Guardiola is definitely a legend in world football today. During his 12 years in Barcelona, Guardiola followed the team to win 16 trophies and was one of the top midfielders in football at the time.
Like many professional players, Guardiola has also taken the coaching post after his retirement. In the first season of coaching Barcelona (2008~2009 season), Guardiola led the Red and Blues to complete the triple crown feat. The following year, he led the team to win the Spanish Super Cup, the Club World Cup and the European Super Cup, completing the unique "six crowns" in football history.
On January 16, 2013, Guardiola officially joined Bayern Munich. In the first season of the team, Guardiola led Bayern to create the longest winning streak in the history of the five major leagues (19 consecutive victories). While leading the team to defend the Bundesliga championship, Guardiola also led Bayern Munich to win the Deutsche Telekom Cup, the Hoeness Cup, the Audi Cup, the European Super Cup, the Club World Cup, and the German Cup.
On February 1, 2016, the Premier League team Manchester City officially announced that they would hire Guardiola as their new coach after the 2015-2016 season. With the full support of the Middle East consortium, Guardiola can look for "prey" in the transfer market with a very calm attitude.
In the 2017~2018 season, Guardiola led the Blue Moon to win the Premier League and the League Cup. He also set a new record of over 100 Premier League points, 106 goals in a single season and 32 wins in a single season. In the 2018~2019 season, Guardiola led Manchester City not only to defend the league title and the League Cup, but also to win the FA Cup, becoming the first team to win the triple crown of England in a single season.
Guardiola's tactical play is extremely passionate and aggressive, representing the highest pursuit of people's football aesthetics. More importantly, the Spanish marshal's tactical play has long since faded the label of "fancy", and he can win the game while being extremely beautiful. Unfortunately, Guardiola's seemingly perfect coaching career has many shortcomings, and the sluggish European war results are one of them.
Regardless of the season, the team coached by Guardiola is one of the biggest favorites of the Champions League. But the Spanish coach’s journey in the Champions League is not as smooth as in China:
In the 2011~2012 season, Guardiola’s Barcelona was eliminated by Chelsea in the semifinals with a total score of 3:2
In the 2013~2014 season, Guardiola's Bayern Munich was eliminated by Real Madrid with a total score of 5:0 in the semifinals.
In the 2014~2015 season, Guardiola's Bayern Munich was eliminated by Barcelona with a total score of 5:3 in the semifinals.
In the 2015~2016 season, Guardiola's Bayern Munich was eliminated by Atletico Madrid with a total score of 2:2 in the semi-finals (the disadvantage of away goals)
In the 2016~2017 season, Pep Guardiola's Manchester City was eliminated by Monaco with a total score of 6:6 in the 1/8 finals (the disadvantage of away goals)
In the 2017~2018 season, Guardiola's Manchester City were eliminated by Liverpool with a total score of 5:1 in the quarter-finals.
In the 2018~2019 season, Guardiola's Manchester City were eliminated by Tottenham with a total score of 4:4 in the quarter-finals (an away goal disadvantage)
In the 2019~2020 season, Guardiola's Manchester City were eliminated by Lyon 3:1 in the quarter-finals
Take Guardiola's current Manchester City as an example. The Spanish coach has led the Blue Moon Army through 4 full Champions League seasons.
But what is surprising is that Blue Moon, with its greatly enhanced staffing and deep-rooted transmission genes, not only failed to get the first Champions League champion in team history, but also failed to break the Champions League semi-final record set by Pei Gong in the 2015~2016 season.
Since Guardiola took office, Manchester City has invested a total of 778 million euros in the transfer market, but it is naturally unsatisfactory to hand over such a transcript in the Champions League.
Through the analysis of Guardiola's intercontinental competitions over the years, the biggest drawback of Guagua in the Champions League knockouts has gradually surfaced: hands and feet. In order to achieve the so-called tactical balance, Guardiola often makes substantial changes in personnel before key games (especially in away games).
At the same time, Guardiola seems to be overly pursuing tactical restraint at certain times. In order to limit the opponent's tactical strategy, he often actively abandons his own good style of play and instead confronts in a more passive way.
In that season, Bayern Munich, the defending champion of the Champions League, was very ambitious and qualified early with a magnificent score of 5 wins, 1 loss and 15 points in the group stage. After entering the knockout rounds, they first defeated Arsenal in the 1/8 final with a total score of 3:1, and then defeated Manchester United with a total score of 4:2 in the quarter-finals, successfully meeting with Real Madrid from La Liga in the semi-finals. Guardiola has a wealth of experience with Real Madrid in La Liga. He clearly realizes that if he wants to defeat Real Madrid, he must try his best to limit Ronaldo's play.
In the first round of the match at the Bernabeu Stadium, Bayern Munich firmly grasped the initiative from the first minute. The Nan Wang completely implemented the pass and control tactics advocated by Guardiola in the first half, and they completed a total of After 417 passes, the pass success rate reached 92.8%, and the half-time possession rate reached an astonishing 79.3%.
Everything seems to be moving in the direction that Guardiola expected, but he wrongly estimated Real Madrid's defensive toughness, and wrongly estimated Ronaldo's tactical flexibility during the game. Guardiola did not expect that Real Madrid's defense is like an iron plate, no matter which angle Bayern Munich tries to penetrate from any angle, there is no flaw. Under such a background environment, the counterattack that Galaxy Giants is good at began to shine. If it weren't for Cristiano Ronaldo and Di Maria who had missed an excellent counterattack goal opportunity in that game, the semi-finals between Bayern Munich and Real Madrid were very suspenseful. It is possible to be completely killed in the first round.
一切似乎都朝着瓜迪奥拉期望的方向发展，但是他错误地估计了皇马的防守韧性，并错误地估计了罗纳尔多在比赛中的战术灵活性。瓜迪奥拉没想到皇马的防守就像铁板一样，无论拜仁慕尼黑试图从哪个角度打入哪个角度，都没有瑕疵。在这样的背景环境下，银河巨人擅长的反击开始发光。如果不是克里斯蒂亚诺·罗纳尔多（Cristiano Ronaldo）和迪·玛丽亚（Di Maria）错过了那场比赛的绝佳反击进球机会，那么拜仁慕尼黑和皇家马德里之间的半决赛就非常悬念。有可能在第一轮被完全杀死。
In addition to the sharp counterattack, the flexibility of Ronaldo's tactics also gave Bayern Munich's defensive players a headache. In order to limit the performance of the Portuguese superstar, Guardiola deliberately carried out a targeted defensive arrangement before the game. Ronaldo will have 1 or 2 Bayern players for targeted interference restrictions from running to getting the ball. In order to get the ball, Cristiano Ronaldo took the initiative to change his running thinking and withdrew many times to participate in the organization and scheduling of the midfield. The Portuguese's tactical changes have made Bayern Munich's defensive players uncomfortable. Their midfield defense often has short-term loopholes in the process of choosing whether to follow Ronaldo, thus giving the Portuguese ample room to handle the ball.
The goal Real Madrid scored in the first round came from the organization and scheduling of Ronaldo's retracement. As shown in the figure, after Cristiano Ronaldo retreated to the midfield area, Bayern Munich’s defense line had a short space behind him on the right. When Cristiano Ronaldo passed the ball to Fabio Coentron, who was in a through pass, the latter could use his speed advantage to get rid of Bayern defensive players, and then assisted Benzema, who was outflanked in the middle, to score. This goal not only showed Real Madrid's fast side-to-center combination, but also exposed a big loophole in Guardiola's team: too much space behind him.
皇家马德里在第一轮比赛中进球的目标来自罗纳尔多回撤的组织和安排。如图所示，在克里斯蒂亚诺·罗纳尔多退居中场之后，拜仁慕尼黑的防守线在他身后的右边有一小段空间。当克里斯蒂亚诺·罗纳尔多（Cristiano Ronaldo）将球传给正在通过传球的法比奥·科特隆（Fabio Coentron）时，后者可以利用自己的速度优势摆脱拜仁的防守球员，然后协助在中间偏出的本泽马得分。这个进球不仅显示了皇马快速的边对中组合，而且还暴露了瓜迪奥拉球队的一个大漏洞：在他身后的空间太大。
If the first round of the contest is still difficult to distinguish the victory or defeat, then the second round has become the stage of Real Madrid's personal show. The problem of the Guardiola team’s weak positioning ball defense has been infinitely magnified. They always pay too much attention to Ronaldo’s position and neglect another master header-Ramos. The latter finished his head in the first half. The ball scored twice.
After conceding consecutive goals, Bayern Munich inevitably appeared impatient mentality from top to bottom. Their three front lines began to press forward sharply in order to get back one city as soon as possible. Frequent pre-press moves allowed Real Madrid's counterattack to have more use of space, and Ronaldo's counterattack goal in the near future completely killed the game. In the end, Bayern Munich lost 0:4 at their home court and ended the semi-final tour by not scoring a goal.
Throughout the two rounds, Bayern Munich’s possession rate was 72% and 64% respectively, but they eventually lost 0:5. The reason is very simple: the team has too many invalid possessions and insufficient pressure on Real Madrid. . This situation arises from Guardiola’s conservative psychology. The latter is well aware of the sharpness of Real Madrid’s counterattack, and therefore requires players to avoid some aggressive penetrating passes on the court, hoping that the team can use a more secure way. The ball gradually penetrated into Real Madrid's defensive hinterland.
In the 2014-2015 UEFA Champions League, Guardiola's Bayern Munich met his old club Barcelona in the semifinals. As the meritorious head coach who helped the Red and Blues create a brilliant and prosperous era, no one knows the powerful offensive firepower of this team better than Guardiola.
Under such a background environment, Guardiola took the initiative to change the formation, changing his better 433 formation to the relatively unfamiliar 3421 formation.
Regarding Guardiola's active changes, we need to highlight one of these positions for fans-left back. As Bayern Munich's left-back, he will face Barcelona's right-winger Messi's repeated attacks in two rounds.
Guardiola finally chose Rafinha, who has a strong defensive interception ability, in this position, hoping that the latter can defend Messi alone. But the Spanish coach seems to have overlooked a link: the restraint of the formation is important, but the adaptability of the players to the tactics is also indispensable.
Throughout that game, Bayern Munich still held up to 52% of the ball at Barcelona's home court, but the extremely unfamiliar formation made the team unable to find a familiar offensive rhythm.
They only completed 8 shots in 90 minutes. More importantly, Bayern Munich had 0 shots from the goal frame.
In addition to poor offensive performance, Bayern Munich's defense is also unsatisfactory. That game almost became Messi's personal dribbling show. The Argentine star scored in the 77th and 80th minutes respectively, helping Barcelona beat Bayern Munich 3-0.
The original intention of Guardiola's transformation of 3421 was to increase the team's manpower in the midfield, and to form a high pressure for Barcelona's conduction in the midfield.
However, he still underestimated the local conduction ability of the Red and Blue Corps in the midfield area, taking it for granted that as long as they pile up many people, they can block their passing routes. At the same time, Guardiola's strategy of using three-backs is also a bit aggressive. Once Barcelona transports the ball to the striker Trident through the partial transmission of the midfield, MSN will face Bayern Munich's defense.
In the 2016~2017 season, Guardiola's Manchester City were reversed and eliminated by Ligue 1 team Monaco in the Champions League 1/8 final.
However, considering that the Spanish coach has just come to the team, his tactical play has not yet fully integrated into Manchester City, and the overall thickness of Manchester City's lineup has not reached the level he likes. Therefore, it is generally believed that Manchester City lost in the 2016~2017 season. excusable.
In the 2017~2018 season, Manchester City, which has further strengthened on paper, secured the first place in the group stage with a score of 5 wins and 1 loss and 15 points. In the 1/8 finals, they eliminated Basel with a total score of 5:2. Joined Liverpool in the Premier League quarter-finals. It should be emphasized that the Red Army Liverpool was in the initial stage of revival, and Manchester City was unparalleled in the league (they eventually scored 106 goals and scored 100 points). It can be said that Blue Moon is much stronger than the Reds Liverpool in terms of lineup thickness and competitive strength.
Despite the superior strength, Guardiola still showed an overly conservative mentality in the first round. In order to increase the defensive rigidity of the midfield, Guardiola used a rather awkward 4231 formation: he placed Gundogan, who had played more defensively, on the right midfielder, and De Bruyne, who had more offensive strength. Instead, he hit his midfielder.
As we all know, Gundogan's personal technical characteristics are biased towards defensive interception, and he does not have the ability to break through the wing and pass through the bottom. Therefore, the German international will often leave the right flank during the game and instead receive the center.
It is worth mentioning that when Gundogan came to the middle, Manchester City would not allow the four midfielders to be diamond-shaped, but would maintain an extremely rare "square position".
Under such a background environment, a midfielder with as many as 4 people is not only unable to provide the width of the formation, but also unable to achieve the purpose of increasing the frontcourt manpower. The most important thing is that once Gundogan is advancing, it means that Manchester City almost all rely on Walker on the right side, which will invisibly increase the offensive and defensive pressure of Blue Moon on the right.
Taking into account the lack of lateral interception area given by the midfielder, Guardiola will order Walker to play the right midfielder position in this game, thereby forming a midfield 5-man group with 4 other teammates. This tactical strategy is a direct manifestation of Guardiola's accumulation of multiple players in the midfield to achieve a sense of defensive security. The team's formation has changed from 4231 in the starting line to 3232.
The biggest advantage of the 3232 formation is that it makes the team's interception in the center more hierarchical, but this formation also has its own shortcoming-insufficient wing defense ability.
As shown in the picture above, when Walker advances in the attacking process, Manchester City's midfield defense on the right will expose a huge gap behind him. Generally speaking, the gap left behind after the full back is inserted should be filled by the right midfielder or the right midfielder, but Manchester City’s right midfielder Jingdogan used in that game habitually In the middle of the road, there is no way to rush to the side to make up the defense.
And Manchester City's midfielder near the right is De Bruyne, who is more inclined to attack. If the Belgian star is involved in the defense to a large extent, it will undoubtedly waste his offensive talent.
As we said, Manchester City's right wing defense zone has become Liverpool's main target. After taking the lead early, the Red Army took advantage of Manchester City's more anxious offensive mentality to retreat the three fronts by a large margin, instead using Guardiola's most troublesome defensive counterattack tactics.
When the team gets the ball in the backcourt, the Liverpool players will not try to perform overly complicated short passes in the backcourt. Instead, they will directly use a more concise and clear method of long passes to deliver the ball to Manchester City’s defense three. Area.
Throughout that game, Liverpool only managed 34% of the ball at their home court, but their offensive efficiency was very high: 9 shots were made in 90 minutes, and 5 shots on target. In the end, the Red Army also scored 3 goals with its excellent offensive efficiency.
On the other hand, Manchester City, their possession rate is as high as 66%, the total number of passes is almost twice that of Liverpool, but only one shot hit the goal frame in the whole game. With large defensive loopholes and low offensive efficiency, it is reasonable for Manchester City to lose 0:3 in the end.
In the second round, both sides moved to the Etihad Stadium. Guardiola seemed to realize the reason for the disastrous defeat in the first round. He continued to change in that game and changed the team's formation to 3133 (which can be understood as 343, but that The Manchester City midfield is not a parallel position, but a midfielder and three midfielders, so it is more appropriate to understand it as 3133).
In the second minute of the game, Manchester City scored a goal through a beautiful side-to-center combination, and the team's reversal seemed to reappear.
But as Liverpool gradually entered the state of the game, shrinking the 433 formation to the 451 formation with a larger lateral interception area in the center and back, the space that Manchester City can use in the ribs began to greatly reduce. In desperation, long-range shooting has become the main theme of the Blue Moon Army's offensive, but Liverpool can instead use the opponent's less purposeful offense to save energy.
As the game time progressed, Manchester City's attack success rate declined due to physical decline. Liverpool began to use the speed of Mane and Salah to attack the fatal loophole of Manchester City's three-back system-the wing.
Once these two speed players get the ball in the frontcourt, it is difficult for Manchester City to rely on the three-man back line to resist the tacit small-scale connection between the two of them. In the end, Liverpool relied on effective counterattack in the final period of the game by Salah and Firmino. They reversed Manchester City 2:1 and successfully advanced with a total score of 5:1.
In the Champions League quarter-finals against Tottenham, Guardiola's conservative mentality once again put the team at a disadvantage. In order to maintain the so-called defensive stability, the Spanish coach De Bruyne and Sane pressed on the bench and instead used Gundogan and Mahrez. During the game, Guardiola's on-the-spot scheduling further highlighted his conservative psychology: first, Delphi and Walker's two full-backs have significantly reduced the number of insertions; second, Sterling and Mahrez often retreat to two. Next to the waist of the name, the team's formation changed from 4231 to 4411 with a larger interception area.
From a certain point of view, Guardiola’s protection in the away game is understandable. The Spanish coach still has strong confidence in his team’s offense. He believes that as long as there is no major loss in the first leg, Manchester City’s Offensive strength is not difficult to complete the turnaround in the second round (this can be seen from the fact that he only replaced De Bruyne in the 89th minute).
The final result was just as Pep Guardiola expected. Tottenham relied on Sun Xingmin's goal to defeat Manchester City 1-0, and Manchester City returned to their home court with a very weak disadvantage.
However, from the final result, Guardiola still paid the price for his conservativeness. Although Manchester City scored 4 goals at home in the second round, Tottenham also scored 3 goals. The latter scored with away. The advantage of the ball successfully eliminated the Blue Moon Legion.
On the whole, a large part of Manchester City’s UEFA Champions League defeat in the 2018~2019 season came from Guardiola’s first leg deployment. The tactical strategy that was too defensive made the team's good pass and control tactics unable to fully demonstrate. come out.
At the same time, De Bruyne’s absence made the midfielder’s task of forwarding the organization almost entirely concentrated on David Silva alone. It is obvious that the Spanish veteran can’t resist Tottenham on his own. The high pressure of a wolf like a tiger.
同时，德布鲁因（De Bruyne）的缺席使得中场转发组织的任务几乎完全集中在大卫席尔瓦（David Silva）身上。显然，这位西班牙老将无法独自抵抗托特纳姆热刺。狼像老虎一样的高压。
This season's Manchester City eliminated La Liga champion Real Madrid 4:2 in the 1/8 finals. In addition, they met the seemingly weak Ligue 1 team Lyon in the quarter finals, which made Guardiola's The team was again elected as the most popular candidate for the Champions League.
Due to the epidemic, the quarter-finals of the Champions League this season have all been restructured into a single-game elimination system, which makes Guardiola, who is already very concerned, once again start to think about the importance of defense.
In the game against Lyon, Guardiola continued to take the initiative to change the formation, he came up with a non-standard 352 formation, with Fernandinho, Garcia and Laporte as the team's three guards; In the midfield area, Rodri’s position is delayed, Gundogan is a little forward, and De Bruyne is at the forefront; in the forward line, Jesus is the team’s positive center forward, and Sterling is waiting by his side. assault.
Guardiola has repeatedly set up a three-back formation in the Champions League knockout rounds, but the final results are difficult to achieve people's expectations. In this game, Lyon targeted the two weaker sides of Manchester City's defense. They can transport the ball to the vacuum area that Rodley & Gundogan cannot cover through fast ground ball conduction, or through more concise and clear The long pass behind the tactics shifts the ball to the space behind the wing.
On the other hand, Manchester City, they still have a lot of possession from the first minute of the game, but Guardiola's irregular 352 formation once again restricted the team's offensive balance. Since the team does not have a right winger, Manchester City's right attack depends more on the assistance of De Brunella.
On the left, Cancelo, who is the left back, is difficult to complete the cross in the inverted position, and the left forward Sterling often gets stuck in a physical confrontation with the opposing defender Denaire.
The side attack is restricted by the opponent's point-to-point, Manchester City must rely on the organization of the midfielders to break the deadlock. However, Guardiola arranged De Bruyne & Gundogan's position relatively backward, although it ensures the abundance of midfielders, it also affects the quality of offense. On the whole, the absence of Bernardo Silva, who has offensive creativity, affected the delivery of Manchester City's threatening ball, and made De Bruyne's organizational tasks too heavy.
Soon after entering the second half, Guardiola voluntarily denied the 352 formation he had arranged for the starting lineup, and changed into the familiar 433 by changing into Mahrez. However, the problem of the team's insufficient ability to deliver the threat ball in the midfield has not been significantly improved. De Bruyne is often trapped, and Gundogan does not have the ability to continuously deliver the threat ball.
What made the fans even more angry was that Sterling's "happy football" appeared again, squandering the opportunities created by his teammates' hard work. Under such a background environment, Guardiola's personnel exchange appeared to be a bit slow, and he did not switch to another attacking midfielder-David Silva until the 80th minute of the game. But unfortunately, there is not much time left, and the game is over before the players on the bench can play their roles.
From Bayern Munich to Manchester City, Guardiola has not only brought surprises to fans, but also lingered in many people's minds. Guardiola is obsessed with building a gorgeous pass and control that belongs to the team, but in the intercontinental strong dialogue, he often loses confidence and makes some on-the-spot changes that are too passive.
This season's special format would have become the starting point for the "Melon Blue Moon", but the overly conservative mentality and slower on-the-spot command continued to become Guardiola's lingering "devil". To get out of the demons, in addition to large-scale signings, it seems more important to stick to familiar tactics.